The most common diseases of the mammary glands in women are mastitis (inflammatory processes with purulent nipple secretions), mastopathy (proliferation of breast tissue due to hormonal disorders), and tumor diseases. In most cases, mastitis occurs in women who have recently given birth to a child. Mastopathy occurs in 60-90% of women aged 30 to 50 years. But the most dangerous among these diseases is breast cancer. According to statistics, every 8th woman in the world has the likelihood of developing malignant breast tumors. Among all “female” oncological diseases, the appearance of malignant tumors in the breast takes first place, accounting for 16% of all cases of cancer.
Nowadays, a completely effective and safe cancer drug simply does not exist. Therefore, the only way to protect yourself from the negative consequences is the early detection of disease foci. Modern medicine is able to offer enough methods for the timely diagnosis of dangerous breast pathologies. But first of all, it is necessary to carry out self-examination – it is advisable to examine the chest once a month, in the first week after the end of menstruation.
Unfortunately, only a small percentage of neoplasms can be detected on their own. For a more thorough and professional examination, you should visit a mammologist. Women over 30 years old are recommended to be seen by a doctor at least 1 time in 2 years.
During the initial visit, the specialist will diagnose with the method of palpation. If there are any indurations in the mammary gland tissues, will assign other examinations: ultrasound, mammography, X-ray, CT, MRI, etc. If it is swelling and ыускуешщты from the nipple, then most likely you will receive a referral for laboratory analysis and ultrasound.
Ultrasound is a safe diagnostic method. A special sensor sends into the study area ultrasonic signals that are reflected from soft tissues with different intensities, as a result of which an image appears on the screen. With the help of ultrasound diagnostics, diseases such as diffuse and fibrocystic forms of mastopathy, mastitis, cyst, abscess and breast cancer are detected. This is a simple examination method that has no contraindications and does not require special training, but usually, doctors recommend it for 5-14 days of the menstrual cycle.
Unfortunately, the ultrasound method is not highly informative – the image of the internal organs is strongly dependent on the sensor position, and tumors are diagnosed only in 50% of cases.
The advantages of ultrasound include the painlessness of the procedure and its harmlessness. The fact that the survey is conducted in real time, allows for simultaneous treatment and diagnostic procedures – for example, biopsy.
Category: Health and Wellness