Common cold and the flu are completely different diseases but they have similar symptoms and require bed rest. It’s very important to determine the disease in time in order to start proper treatment. So how to distinguish the flu from a common cold?
Flu has specific symptoms that make it difficult to confuse with a common cold:
There are several degrees of severity of the flu. Its easiest degree can be mistaken for a cold, so sometimes you have to have medical tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Flu and its complications are especially dangerous for people over 65, preschoolers and pregnant women. In addition, it can be dangerous for asthmatics, diabetics, people with cardiovascular diseases, diseases of the liver, kidneys and lungs, as well as those who often take aspirin.
Complications of influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections, as a rule, are bacterial in nature. The inflammatory process can affect the respiratory system, heart, and even the brain. Therefore, it is necessary to coordinate the intake of drugs with your doctor and accurately follow his recommendations.
With flu and colds, people often use the “grandmother’s” methods: warm socks, raspberry jam, warming drinks with ginger and cinnamon, breathe over steam and eat many oranges. Sometimes these techniques give relief, but sometimes it only gets worse. Let’s find out how it works:
In order for the treatment to bring only benefit, it must be prescribed by a doctor. Otherwise, therapy may be ineffective and worsen the condition.
Modern tactics of treatment of a common cold imply the full support of the body. Both symptomatic agents (antipyretic, cough and cold remedies) and antiviral drugs are used to alleviate the general condition and prevent complications. Often, as part of the complex treatment of acute respiratory viral infections in adults and children over 6 years old, doctors prescribe medication that is aimed at enhancing the production of protective proteins in the body. the drug creates a barrier against viruses, preventing the “invaders” from settling on the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, penetrating inside healthy cells and multiplying in them.
During their short life cycle, viruses manage to significantly clog up the human body with toxins. Because of this, weakness, fatigue and headache can occur. Taking certain medicines can help to more quickly eliminate toxins and, accordingly, alleviate unpleasant symptoms.
For treatment to be effective, bed rest and good nutrition will be required. The food should be light and have a delicate texture: mashed potatoes, cream soups, chicken broth, soft-boiled eggs, jelly and dried fruit compote. A sick person should drink lots of fluids but they should not be hot.
Proper nutrition, good sleep and a complex therapy chosen by a doctor are the basis for successful treatment without unnecessary complications.
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