The Most Common Health Concerns for Women

The Most Common Health Concerns for Women

Women’s health is a fragile thing. Many gynecological diseases are asymptomatic, and if the woman is not disturbed by anything, she will rarely go for a preventive visit to a gynecologist. Today we will tell you which gynecological diseases most often undermine the health of women.

Common Reproductive Health Concerns for Women

  1. Cervical erosion is a portion of redness on the cervix, visible to the naked eye when viewed in mirrors. Most women are very surprised when they hear such a diagnosis. The fact is that this insidious disease very often does not manifest itself but it is necessary to treat it, because it is a pathological process, which can lead to oncological diseases;
  2. Colpitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina. The disease is very common in women who have an active sex life. Inflammation can be caused by various microorganisms (chlamydia, trichomonads, mycoplasmas, streptococci, staphylococci, Hemophilus bacilli, candida, gonococci, etc.). Various somatic diseases contribute to the development of colpitis, which reduce the protective mechanisms of the female body against infection, as well as endocrine pathology (diabetes, obesity). Chemical, mechanical damage to the vaginal mucosa with improper douching, community-acquired abortions also affect the possibility of colpitis. Very often colpitis appears on the background of irrational use and taking antibiotics, non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene. The symptoms of colpitis include itching and discharge, an unpleasant odor or an unusual color. It is usually treated with the use of antimicrobial suppositories and ointments, douching, and vaginal baths;
  3. Uterine myoma is a benign tumor that occurs in the uterine muscle layer – myometrium. The size of myoma nodes can vary from a few millimeters to centimeters. Previously, uterine fibroids were considered exclusively hormone-dependent tumors that occur when there is an excess of female estrogen hormones. Currently, much attention is paid to the influence of infectious factors on the development of myomatous nodes, in particular, the role of chlamydia in this process is not excluded. Complaints occur most often with the growth of myoma nodes inside the uterus. Women are concerned about more heavy periods, feeling of pressure and pain in the lower abdomen. The more rare symptoms of uterine fibroids include infertility and dysfunction of the bladder and rectum due to the growth of nodes in the abdominal cavity and compression of neighboring organs. The most informative and affordable way to diagnose uterine myoma is ultrasound. Only 10–20% of all cases require treatment. If a woman has complaints, the nodes reach a certain size, surgical treatment is applied;
  4. Adnexitis is an inflammatory disease of the uterine appendages: the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Pathogens can be infections that lead to colpitis. Adnexitis occurs as a result of a combination of infection and predisposing factors (somatic diseases, hypothermia, stress, non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene, spontaneous and artificial abortions). In acute adnexitis, women most often complain of pain in the lower abdomen, worsening of general well-being, fever, heavy discharge. Chronic inflammatory processes in the appendages provoke various disorders of the menstrual cycle, intermittent pain in the lower abdomen. Treatment of acute adnexitis is carried out in a hospital with the obligatory use of antibacterial drugs, anti-inflammatory drugs, general strengthening therapy, local and physiotherapy treatment. Timely and properly chosen therapy can prevent the serious consequences of this disease;
  5. Infertility. A woman is diagnosed with infertility if she cannot get pregnant during the year of regular sexual life (sex at least 1 time per week) without the use of contraceptive methods and methods. The reasons that can make it impossible to conceive are diverse: pathology or absence of ovaries, impaired tubal patency, hormonal disorders, uterine diseases, immune infertility, chromosomal abnormalities in eggs, infertility of unknown origin. In this case, a women should undergo a comprehensive examination on the basis of antenatal clinic, conduct hormonal studies, get tested for STIs, etc.;
  6. Endometriosis is a disease in which the cells of the inner layer of the uterus (endometrium) begin to grow outside this layer. In this condition, there are inflammatory processes in the surrounding tissues. Symptoms of endometriosis depend on the location of its foci. As a rule, this disease is manifested by pelvic pain that occurs during menstruation, the menstrual bleeding becomes more abundant and prolonged, infertility occurs, a woman can feel pain during sexual intercourse. Depending on the stage of the process, localization of foci of endometriosis, their size, treatment can be either medication (hormones) or surgical;
  7. An ovarian cyst is a benign growth, which is a cavity filled with semi-liquid or liquid contents. Cysts can appear due to minor hormonal disruptions of the ovaries. As a rule, such cysts dissolve on their own within 1-2 months, which can be clearly seen from ultrasound data. Often this disease is asymptomatic and is discovered by chance during a planned visit to the gynecologist. The leading symptom of an ovarian cyst is a pain in the lower abdomen and in the lower back, menstrual disorders. Functional cysts are usually treated by oral contraceptives. Some cysts undergo surgical treatment because of the danger of malignancy. At a young age, surgeons strive to preserve healthy ovarian tissue as much as possible; in old age, in order to prevent cancer, the ovary is usually removed along with the cyst;
  8. Cervical dysplasia is a precancerous disease in which maturation and differentiation of cells covering the cervix is impaired. There are three degrees of dysplasia: mild, moderate and severe. Dysplasia is not accompanied by characteristic symptoms. A woman can experience watery leucorrhoea, menstrual irregularities, poor bleeding before and after menstruation, short-term contact bleeding after sexual intercourse. Mild dysplasia is treated with the use of drugs (antibacterial drugs, anti-inflammatory treatment). Medium and severe dysplasia are indications for surgical treatment;
  9. Menstrual disorders are considered any deviations from the normal menstrual cycle. The normal menstrual cycle is characterized by the duration of menstruation 3-7 days, an interval between periods of 21-35 days, loss of 60-120 of blood during menstruation. The reasons leading to a change in the normal parameters are diverse: ovarian pathology, endocrine diseases, infectious diseases, climate change, stress, exhaustion, weakening of the immune system, etc. Treatment and complex examinations in each case will be individual;
  10. Endometrial hyperplasia is an increase in the thickness of the inner layer of the uterus. The cause of this disease is a hormonal imbalance in a woman’s body. In the early stages, a woman may not notice any symptoms, but then she may notice spotting and heavy bleeding. Endometrial hyperplasia is often combined with other gynecological pathology (uterine myoma, endometriosis, etc.) and leads to infertility. Some forms of hyperplasia, in particular, endometrial polyps, can have malignancy. Therefore, the only method of treatment is curettage of the uterus, followed by histological examination of the material obtained (examination under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis and exclude oncology). A woman may have to receive hormone therapy, which is strictly individual for each woman.

Any disease is easier to cure if it is detected at an early stage. Therefore, we recommend that you visit a gynecologist every six months. Your children need a healthy mom, and your husband needs a healthy wife. Love yourself and be healthy!

Category: Healthcare